Scott H. Boyd teaches literature and humanities at Middle East Technical University – Northern Cyprus Campus. He received his PhD from Ohio University in Interdisciplinary Arts, conducting research on art and identity in German twentieth century art and film. He primarily writes and conducts research in cultural theory; incorporating systems theory and adapting biological models, such as autopoiesis, to theories of culture. He is the co-founder of Cultural Difference and Social Solidarity Network.Mary Ann Walter received her PhD in Linguistics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is currently Assistant Professor of Teaching English as a Foreign Language at the Middle East Technical University – Northern Cyprus Campus. Her research focuses on experimental phonology and sociolinguistics of the Middle East. Her current research project concerns language choice and ideology in the Arab Gulf states.