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Postmodern and Postcolonial Intersections

This volume deals with two of the most vital and complex terms in the world today: post-modernism and post-colonialism. It explores the confluences and continuities between both movements in terms of their projects and their conceptions of such notions as history, subjectivity and representation. One way of comparing the postmodern and the postcolonial necessarily entails looking at their discourses and examining their attitudes toward the validity of earlier legitimating (master) narratives of Eurocentric imperialism. Equally important, the merit of such a comparison consists in shedding light on the relation between East and West, and exploring the ways in which such a relation is presented and re-represented in multiple forms in postmodern and postcolonial writings and re-writings of literary and cultural works from the past. Grounded in contemporary post-modern and post-colonial thematic and aesthetic concerns, the articles brought together here address, among a myriad of other issues, the implication of the umbrella term ‘post-modernism’ in a network of social, cultural, political and existential inter-relations. Also highlighted is the affinity between post-modernism and post-colonialism, with both being generally conceived as phenomena, or events, which provide a framework for rejecting established norms of rationality and questioning subsequent modes of representation embodied by Western discourses on modernity.

Shifting Twenty-First-Century Discourses, Borders and Identities

The world is spinning around us and we are spinning with it. When changes occur at the geopolitical level, inevitable changes also occur in people’s identity and in the way they see and represent the world. This book looks at this world with new eyes, approaching contemporary history (and herstory) from a scholarly perspective that cancels borders. Emphasis here is laid on migration, geopolitics, global citizenship, human rights, the EU and the non-EU, and East and West, as represented in fiction and drama or translated on television. The first part of the volume deals with migration and alterations in the non-Western world, with constant references to September 11, terrorism and wars, and the Syrian refugee crisis, before the focus moves on to one of the most important migration hosts nowadays, the European Union, discussing its expansion to the East, French President Macron’s call for renewal, and, lastly, a possible beginning of the end, announced by Brexit. This volume is a mirror of the discourses of globalization, one that makes the old self-other dichotomy obsolete. We are all selves in the eye of the storm that is raving around us, bringing change with it.

Representations of Masculinity in Literature and Film

How are men represented on the printed page, the stage and the screen? What do these representations say about masculinity in the past, the present, and the future? The twelve essays in this volume explore the different ways in which men and masculinity have been represented, from the plays of William Shakespeare to the science fiction of Richard K. Morgan, passing through classic fiction by Emily Brontë and Charles Dickens, and popular favourites by Terry Pratchett and Isaac Asimov, without forgetting the Star Wars saga.Collectively, these essays argue that, although much has been written about men, it has been done from a perspective that does not see masculinity as a specific feature in need of critical appraisal. Men need to be made aware of how they are represented in order to alter the toxic patriarchal models handed down to them and even break the extant binary gender models. For that, it is important that men distinguish patriarchy from masculinity, as is done here, and form anti-patriarchal alliances with each other and with women. This book is, then, an invitation to men’s liberation from patriarchy by raising an awareness of its crippling constraints.

Journalism Standards of Work Today

This research examines journalism ethics to answer the questions of whether we still need journalism ethics in the twenty-first century, if it is possible to exercise journalistic standards of work and, if so, on what values should these ethics be based in a world much different from that which existed when the first journalism codes of ethics were formulated in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. To distil the motivations and essence of the early journalistic standards of work, the book discusses the function of media in a democracy and the formation of mass media during the first industrial revolution, as well as its consequential change in journalists’ locus of control and how journalists self-identified. The sudden creation of mass media pushed some journalists to create ethical principles which would guide the newly empowered press, an effort which culminated in the creation of the first national code of journalistic ethics in 1923. The book closely examines the elements of the 1923 “Canons of Journalism”, finding them to contain timeless values, despite their original application to now dated technology. It highlights the basic elements and applies them to media today, in a way that interfaces with new technology without abandoning the essential components of equipping citizens for representative governance.

Towards Neurobioethics

From time to time, a particular science achieves such great success that people are tempted to elevate it to the condition of prima philosophia and then to try to explain everything else from its perspective. Thus, physics becomes physicalism, history becomes historicism, and so on. Nowadays, the big science is the investigation of the nervous system, particularly the brain. The new paradigm is, then, given by neuroscience and everything else seems to require its prefix: neuroeconomy, neuroeducation, neurolaw, neurotechnology, neuroethics, and neuropolitics, among others. However, what does it really mean to use “neuro” as a prefix to a word as it appears in the title of this book? To answer this question, this work develops a metaethical theory, namely practical cognitivism and the new normative concept of caring respect, in order to examine the ethics of neuroscientific investigations and their associated neurotechologies, including, for example, the moral problems of cognitive enhancement using nootropics.
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