Selim Başar is a Professor in the Department of Economics at Ataturk University, Turkey. He obtained his BA from Istanbul University, and his MA and PhD in Economics at Ataturk University, both in Turkey. His interest areas include macroeconomics and financial economics. He has written a large number of books, book chapters and articles about economics. A. Alkan Çelik is an Associate Professor of Economics at Kavram Vocational School, Turkey. He obtained his BA in Business Administration at İstanbul University, his MA at Beykent University, and his PhD in Economics at Marmara University, all in Turkey. His research interests include political and institutional economics.Turgut Bayramoğlu is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Bayburt University, Turkey. He obtained his BA in Public Administration at Uludag University, his MA at Sakarya University, and his PhD in Economics at Ataturk University, all in Turkey. His research interests include international economy and sustainable economy.