Laurence Monnais is Associate Professor in the Department of History and the Centre for East Asian Studies (CETASE) at Université de Montréal, Canada. She currently holds the Canada Research Chair in Health Care Pluralism. Her research interests include the history of health in colonial Vietnam and the history of alternative medicine.C. Michele Thompson is Professor of Southeast Asian History at Southern Connecticut State University, USA. Her research interests include medicine and medical issues in Vietnam specifically, in East and Southeast Asia more generally, and the languages used for medical purposes in those areas.Ayo Wahlberg is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Asian Dynamics Initiative (ADI), Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He is currently the recipient of a Sapere Aude Young Researcher Award from the Danish Council of Independent Research. His research interests include herbal medicine in Vietnam and the United Kingdom and reproductive technologies in China.