Almas Heshmati is Professor of Applied Economics at Korea University and Research Associate at Soran University. He held similar positions at Seoul National University, the University of Kurdistan – Hawler, the RATIO Institute (Stockholm) and MTT Agrifood Research (Helsinki). He was a Research Fellow at the World Institute for Development Economics Research, United Nations University, and Associate Professor at the Stockholm School of Economics. He holds a PhD degree from the University of Gothenburg (1994). In addition to more than one hundred scientific journal articles, he has published books on the EU Lisbon process, global income inequality, East Asian manufacturing, Chinese economy, technology transfer, information technology, sustainable development and power generation.Nabaz T. Khayyat received a BSc in Mathematics from the University of Salahaddin Erbil (1993), a High Diploma in Artificial Intelligence and Database Design from the University of Technology in Baghdad (1994), and an MSc in IT Engineering from the Seoul National University in South Korea (2010). He worked for the UN for five years, as well as different international organizations, and recently held a position with KRG as an Information Management Advisor in the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources. Currently, he is studying for a PhD in Engineering at the Seoul National University in South Korea, and is studying for a PhD in Economics at the Swiss Management University in Switzerland.